History has shown that when the going gets tough, passenger ships often get going in innovative and essential ways. Whether it be due to war, political crises, or natural disasters, ocean liners and cruise ships have played essential roles as transports, rescue ships, floating hospitals, and accommodation centers.
The COVID-19 pandemic is just the most recent event to summon large cruise ships into humanitarian service. To accommodate workers in Singapore who are recovering from infections, Hong Kong–based Star Cruises drafted their SuperStar Gemini (ex-Norwegian Dream) and SuperStar Aquarius (ex-Norwegian Wind). Similarly, to assist in badly ravaged Northern Italy, the cruise ferry Splendid, operated by MSC’s Grandi Navi Veloci ferry division, served as a floating hospital and housing for recovering patients in Genoa. Closer to home, the Carnival Corporation stepped up for the same cause by offering members of its fleet for similar use. According to Carnival’s Senior Vice President and Chief Communications Officer Roger Frizzell, while it hasn’t been acted upon as of yet, that proposition still stands, not just for the United States but for affected communities around the world.
Going back to World War I, almost every ocean liner afloat was inducted into trooping service. Sporting dazzle paint to confuse German U-boat commanders, mighty vessels like Cunard Line’s Mauretania and Carmania and White Star Line’s Olympic (sister to Titanic) served as armed merchant cruisers that brought troops in and out of the war zones. One Cunarder, the Franconia, transported thousands of wounded soldiers out of Gallipoli. Others, like Cunard’s palatial Aquitania and White Star’s Britannic (the third Titanic sister) served as hospital ships. In the case of Britannic, things went awry when that ship struck a mine and sank off the Greek Island of Kea in 1916.
World War II saw the enlistment of yet more legendary liners for war duties.